What is Cannabis?

What is Cannabis?

What is Cannabis?

Cannabis, often referred to by various names such as weed, marijuana, hash, pot, ganja, bud, etc., is a plant known for its psychoactive properties. It produces dried flowers, fruiting tops, or leaves from the cannabis sativa or indica plants, as well as hybrid combinations of the two. Additionally, cannabis can be processed into different forms like oils, extracts, or resins. It contains compounds known as cannabinoids and terpenes, with two major cannabinoids being THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol)

THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the key chemical compound responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. It falls under the category of cannabinoids and is the substance that induces the sensation of being “high” when cannabis is consumed. The strength of a marijuana product is typically expressed as a percentage of THC by weight (or volume in the case of oils). Products with higher THC concentrations pose a greater risk of harm, so individuals should consider opting for products with lower THC levels to minimize potential risks.


THC exists in different forms and potencies, including delta-8, delta-9, and delta-10. It’s important to note that all these delta compounds have intoxicating effects since they are variations of THC.

  • Delta-9 THC is the predominant cannabinoid found in cannabis plants and is the most commonly sold legal THC variant in the Canadian market. It is more potent than delta-8 and delta-10.
  • Delta-8 and delta-10 THC, often referred to as minor cannabinoids, are present in much smaller quantities. These trace cannabinoids occur at levels so low that specialized extraction techniques are required to obtain them. The intoxicating effects of delta-8 and delta-10 are milder compared to delta-9.

It’s worth mentioning that the size of the delta number doesn’t necessarily correlate with the intensity of the effects. While delta-9 produces the most significant psychoactive effects, larger quantities of minor cannabinoids like delta-8 and delta-10 can also lead to intoxication.

When different types of THC, including any of the delta compounds, are combined, the resulting intoxicating effects can be unpredictable. Regardless of the specific delta, it’s important to understand that it represents THC and will interact with the brain to induce intoxication when consumed. New or returning users should adopt a “start low and go slow” approach.

CBD (Cannabidiol)

Cannabidiol, scientifically referred to as CBD, is a chemical compound present in cannabis. Unlike THC, CBD does not induce any psychoactive effects on its own. While trace cannabinoids like delta-8 and delta-10 exist in CBD at very low levels, they remain non-psychoactive until they are extracted and concentrated.

Research has demonstrated that elevated levels of CBD can mitigate certain risks related to THC, including intoxication, sedation, and potential effects on heart health. Opting for products with a high CBD content and low THC content can help minimize undesirable health consequences.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is cannabis?

Cannabis, scientifically known as Cannabis sativa, is a flowering plant that is indigenous to various parts of the world. It is often cultivated for its psychoactive properties and the medicinal benefits it offers. The plant contains different compounds, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), which are responsible for its effects on the human body.

Is cannabis legal?

The legal status of marijuana varies from country to country and even within different regions. In some places, cannabis has been decriminalized or legalized for medical and/or recreational use, while in others, it remains strictly illegal. It’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the specific laws and regulations of your jurisdiction before engaging with cannabis in any form.

What are the potential medical benefits of cannabis?

Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries, and recent research has shed light on its potential therapeutic properties. Some common medical uses of cannabis include pain relief, management of nausea and vomiting, appetite stimulation, and alleviation of symptoms associated with certain medical conditions such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional before using marijuana for medical purposes.

How does cannabis affect the body and mind?

When consumed, cannabis interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system, a complex network of receptors and enzymes. THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, binds to these receptors and produces various effects, including euphoria, relaxation, altered perception of time, and increased appetite. CBD, on the other hand, does not produce psychoactive effects but may have calming and anti-inflammatory properties.

What are the different methods of consuming cannabis?

Cannabis can be consumed in various forms, each offering a different experience. Some common methods of consumption include smoking, vaping, edibles, tinctures, and topicals. Smoking and vaping involve inhaling the smoke or vapor, while edibles are consumed orally and take longer to produce effects. Tinctures are typically taken sublingually, and topicals are applied directly to the skin.


Prior to using any cannabis product, it is strongly recommended that consumers seek guidance from a qualified healthcare professional. Cannabis can have various effects on individual health, and a healthcare provider can provide personalized advice, especially if you have underlying medical conditions or are currently taking medications. Their expertise can help you make informed decisions regarding the use, dosage, and potential interactions associated with cannabis consumption, ensuring your safety and well-being.

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